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Did You Know! How Sleep Effects to Brain Development?

11 FEB 2016
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Sleep…enhances brain and learning capability
During nighttime, child’s brain will recognize during-the-day activities and consolidate everything while he sleeps. Children with enough sleep (wakeless) during the night shows better cognitive skill than the ones who are not(1)
 
Brain development essentially happens by means of the nerve impulse. A nerve impulse is the transmission of a coded signal from a given stimulus along the membrane of the neuron, starting in the point where it was applied. Nerve impulses can pass from one cell to another, thus creating a chain of information within a network of neurons.(2)(3)
 
Neurotransmitters are the chemical medium through which signals flow from one neuron to the next at chemical synapses, hence, nervous system potentially works(4)
 
As newborn can’t produce essential amino acid, tryptophan (Trp) and its metabolites are essential to brain maturation and to the development of neurobehavioral regulations of food intake.(5)Of this, alpha-lactalbumin, a component of the lactase synthetase complex and high quality protein found in human breast milk, plays an important role.(6)
 
Alpha-Lactalbumin is a rich source of protein composed of many essential amino acids derived after food intake, one of those is Tryptophan, a precursor of its metabolites “Serotonin” which considered to be a contributor of hunger, emotional, stress and sleeping ability.(5)
 
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Sleeping habit should be emphasized for better child’s development and learning skill. Getting enough sleep makes your child a lot happier, less frustrated and you will have more free time for yourselves, hence, sleeping quality and ability together with child’s safety should be aware as well as the importance of daily meals. To achieve all mentioned, you should be your child’s role model since in an early stage of life.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Source:
(1) Wilhelm Ines, et al. The sleeping child outplays the adult's capacity to convert implicit into explicit knowledge. Nature Neuroscience, 2013; DOI: 10.1038/nn.3343
(2) Silvia Helena Cardoso. Communication Between Nerve Cells. State University of Campinas
(3) Kandel, Eric R.; Schwartz, James Harris; Jessell, Thomas M. (2000). Principles of neural science. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-8385-7701-1. OCLC 42073108.
(4) Robert Stufflebeam, Consortium on Cognitive Science Instruction, Neurons, Synapses, Action Potentials, and Neurotransmission.
(5) Heine WE. The significance of tryptophan in infant nutrition. In: Huether G, Kochen W, Simat TJ, Steinhart H, eds. Tryptophan, Serotonin, and Melatonim: Basic Aspects and Applications. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers; 1999:705-710. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; vol 467.
(6) Heine WE, Klein PD, Reeds PJ. The importance of Alpha-Lactalbumin in infant nutrition. J.Nutr. 1991;121:277-283
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